Reflexão a luz do mito da parelha alada de Platão

O amor é a elevação da alma ao divino, e podemos expandir esse fenômeno nos envolvendo com tudo que eleva, como os bons relacionamentos , as artes, a beleza, a natureza o conhecimento.

Segundo o filósofo alma é dividida em três partes que vão constituir a parelha alada:uma dessas partes representará um dos cavalo sendo um animal “belo e bom”, a segunda parte dessa divisão representará o outro cavalo, dessa vez um cavalo de “raça ruim e natureza avessada”, a última parte da alma representa o cocheiro que tem por missão conduzir a carruagem a seu destino.

O cerne do “mito da parelha alada” é a explicação (exposição) da luta interna do ser humano entre tendência boas e más, narra a trajetória do conflito de um cocheiro que tem a missão de conduzir uma carruagem com dois cavalos (alados) sendo um bom (sangue bom) e o outro ruim (sangue ruim), portanto cada um tendia para um caminho, fato esse que dificultava muito a condução do cocheiro, pois os dois cavalos estão em constante conflitos cada qual buscando objetos que os satisfaçam.

Observando a simbologia deste mito é possível perceber uma relação com a segunda tópica de Freud, que procura explicar o funcionamento do aparelho psíquico por meio do inconsciente, propondo uma divisão em três instâncias deste inconsciente: Ego, Id e Superego.

O Cocheiro

O cocheiro é a alma racional, o corcel que sobe, a alma valorosa da coragem, o que puxa o carro para baixo, a alma concupiscente que, pelo prazer, troca a Verdade pela Opinião. Porque o cocheiro se recorda do vôo e porque um dos cavalos deseja subir, nem tudo está perdido. O delírio erótico – desejo de filosofia – pode fortalecer o amante – a alma racional – na busca do amado – a Beleza e a Verdade -, auxiliando-a a dominar o cavalo do apetite e dos prazeres para que não impeça o novo voo.

É o Ego – é comandado pelo “princípio da realidade”, essa parte é aquela que mostramos aos outros. Fortalecido pela razão, o ego está “preso” entre os desejos do id (tentando encontrar um jeito adequado de realizá-los) e as regras ditadas pelo superego.

O cavalo bom

Representa a coragem e se aloja no coração, “que não sabe, mas que quer, com toda a força de seu entusiasmo e de sua generosidade, conduz a alma em direção ao que é bom e ao que é belo” – Alma passional.  É o Superego – também chamado de “ideal do ego”, tem a função de conter os impulsos do id. Suas regras sociais e morais não nascem com a gente: nós a aprendemos na sociedade para que possamos conviver nela corretamente.

Cavalo mau

Representa nossa parte sensível, nossa sensualidade e se aloja em nosso ventre, o diafragma, e “submete a alma ao bem do corpo, a alma apetitiva
é o Id – a ânsia selvagem  pelo “precioso” anel é um bom símbolo para essa parte da nossa psique, responsável pelos nossos impulsos mais primitivos: as paixões, a libido, a agressividade… O id (“isso” em alemão) está conosco desde que nascemos e é norteado pelo “princípio do prazer”, mas seus desejos são frequentemente reprimidos.

A Parelha Alada

A alma é como uma força ativa na qual se reúnem naturalmente uma parelha de cavalos alados e um cocheiro. Ser alado significa ter em si mesmo o princípio do movimento, isto é , da vida e por isso, alada, psykhé é imortal, pois é vida e causa de vida .

Ser alado é participar da natureza imortal do divino, e a Natureza dotou as asas do poder de elevar o que é pesado rumo às alturas, onde habita o divino, que “é belo, sábio e bom”, alimentando, desenvolvendo e fortalecendo os alados.

Por isso a alma é atraída pelo delírio erótico: deseja alçar-se às alturas da verdade, porque somente ali encontra alimento para suas asas. Nas almas divinas, ambos os cavalos são dóceis, não oferecendo qualquer trabalho ao condutor.

Entretanto, os cavalos alados das almas humanas são de natureza radicalmente diversa, sendo um dócil, obediente ao cocheiro e o outro rebelde e que sempre puxando o carro para baixo, dificulta a visualização das ideias na planície elevada da verdade.

O mais importante nessa imagem é pontuar a natureza desassossegada da existência humana. Uma tal natureza nunca termina de ser difícil de conduzir, cabendo ao cocheiro esforço e empenho.

O filósofo  recorre a esse mito para explicar o caminho que uma alma percorre até atingir um grau de elevação superior contemplando a verdade e desvencilhando-se das coisas terrestres.

Para isso tem de chegar até a abobada celeste onde ocorre um banquete, simbolizando as delícias que uma alma gozaria chegando no final de seu percurso. Parelha alada seria uma espécie de carruagem puxada por dois cavalos (este é o ponto crucial das decisões humanas).

A luta da parelha força o cocheiro a olhar os cavalos e não a região celeste onde habitam a Beleza e a Verdade. A parelha se machuca, o cocheiro tem as mãos feridas pelas rédeas que puxam em direções contrárias, carros alados chocam-se com outros e as asas vão perdendo a força, caindo, até que o carro, pesado, caia sobre a terra, deixando no cocheiro apenas a nostalgia e a saudade do voo, a vaga lembrança do que vira e o desejo insaciável de retornar aos céus.

“A alma que evoluiu para a forma humana já contemplou o ser verdadeiro, que é divino. Ao ver a beleza nesse mundo, recorda-se da beleza verdadeira, recebe asas e deseja voar para o alto”.

33 ideias sobre “Reflexão a luz do mito da parelha alada de Platão

  1. Some individuals don’t know when you should trust a dealership or while they are being duped. It’s difficult to inform, and the salesmen don’t just out themselves. You need to understand what you’re doing, and you should be prepared. Think about the tips you’re planning to read to acquire you must prepared for the very next time.

    Will not make your mistake of working on merely the monthly instalment amount while you are car shopping. This will cause you to get a more costly car than it is possible to really afford. You must focus on the price tag of your vehicle itself and whether which is a great deal.

    Research the need for your trade-in. Not merely do you need to research the best price for your new car you wish to purchase, nevertheless, you must also recognize how much your trade-in may be worth. Do your research and see the retail and wholesale values of your own trade-in. Aim to obtain the retail value from the dealer.

    Take a prolonged test drive. Don’t just take it for a quick spin from the neighborhood on your own. Instead, enlist everyone who can be regularly riding in the car to talk about their opinions. Ask the dealer to get a full afternoon test drive so that you have the opportunity to carry it around the freeway to check things such as the pickup and the blind spots, and spend time really feeling the comfort in the interior.

    It’s a fantastic thing to understand what you’re doing when you visit purchase a car with a dealership. As you now find out of what to consider and do, you will be much better prepared when around. Put everything you’ve learned together, and make sure you are one step ahead the next time.

  2. I am no longer certain where you’re getting your info, however great topic. I needs to spend some time finding out more or figuring out more. Thank you for wonderful information I used to be on the lookout for this information for my mission.

  3. I got what you mean , thanks for putting up.Woh I am delighted to find this website through google. “It is a very hard undertaking to seek to please everybody.” by Publilius Syrus.

  4. This articlepostpiece of writingparagraph is reallyactuallyin facttrulygenuinely a nicepleasantgoodfastidious one it helpsassists new internetwebnetthe web userspeopleviewersvisitors, who are wishing forin favor of blogging.

  5. I don’t even understand how I stopped up right here, but I thought this post was great.

    I do not recognise who you might be but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger
    if you aren’t already. Cheers!

  6. I just couldn’t go away your website prior to suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the usual information a person provide in your guests?
    Is going to be again often in order to check out
    new posts

  7. If some one desires expert view about blogging and
    site-building then i advise him/her to pay a visit this blog, Keep up the pleasant
    work.

  8. Attraсtive component to contеnt. I just stumbled upon your website and in accеssion ⅽapital to claim that I aϲquire in fact
    enjoyed account уoսr weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achіevement you get
    entry to consistently quickly.

    Also visit my weblog – aircon service

  9. You аare so awesome! I do nnot supоse I’ve read
    something like thiѕ bef᧐re. So іce tо discover somebody wtһ some unique thoughts
    on tһis issue. Really.. thank you for starting this up.
    This web siotе is one thing that is needed on the internet, ѕomeone with
    a bit oof originality!

    Visit my web-site … Iaeger trench drain covers

  10. You are so interesting! I don’t believe I’ve truly read through something like this before.
    So great to find somebody with some genuine thoughts on this subject matter.
    Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing
    that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  11. Can I simply say what a relief to uncover someone who truly knows what they are talking about over the internet.
    You definittely know hhow to bring an issue
    to light and make it important. More people should check this out and understand this side
    of the story. It’s surprising you are not more popular because you certainly possess the gift.

  12. I dгop a leave a response whenever I appreciate a article on a blog or if
    I have something to contribute to the conversation. It’s triggered
    by tһe sincerness displayed in tthe post I read. And after this ⲣoѕt Ꭱeflexão
    a luz do mito da parelha alada Ԁe Ρlatão | Memórias de
    um advogado. I was mofed enougһ to poѕt a tһought :-P I actually do have a couple of questions for
    you if it’s okay. Is it simply me or do a few of the remarks look ⅼike they аre wrіtten byy brain deаd folks?
    :-P And, if you are posting at othrr plaϲes, I would like to keep uup with yⲟu.
    Could yoᥙ list the complеte urls oof your sared paaցes like
    your twitter feed, Facebоok page or linkedin profiⅼe?

    Hеre is my page: financial help

  13. A person essentially help to make significantly articles I would state.
    That iis thhe very first time I frequented your web page andd too thius point?
    I surprised with the analysis you made to create this actual submit amazing.
    Greeat task!

  14. Undeniaƅlpy consider that which yoᥙ stated. Yⲟur favoyrite reasоn appearеd to be օn the nett the simplest facto to be mindful of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked whilst pеople think about iѕsue that they plainly don’t understand about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the hіghest and also outlined oout tһe whole thing with no
    need sde effect , peօрle can take a signal.
    Wiill likely be back tto get more. Thanks

    My bⅼpog ppost – Fisher Associates Architects Architects

  15. Thank you for yοur website post. Velupe and I are saving for
    a new ebook on this tһeme aand your post has made alll of us to save
    the money. Your thinking really resolved all our
    problems. In fact, above what we had known aheaԁ of the timmе we disc᧐vered your fantastic blog.Mʏ spouse and i no longeeг have doubts as well as a troubⅼed
    mind because yоu hazve tottally attended to the needs above.
    Thanks

    Here is my homерage: Locust Iowa trench drain grating

  16. We’re having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
    I’m having black coffee, he’s possessing a cappuccino.
    He is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that are great for his face, hazel eyes and the most beautiful lips I’ve seen. He is well made, with
    incredible arms including a chest that is different with this
    sweater. We’re standing ahead of each other referring to how we live, what we’d like for future
    years, what we’re trying to find on another person. He
    starts saying that he’s got been rejected many times.

    ‘Why Andrew? You’re so handsome. I’d never reject you ‘,
    I say He smiles at me, biting his lip.

    ‘Oh, I do not know. Everything happens for a reason right.
    But figure out, can you reject me, can you Ana?’ He said.

    ‘No, how could I?’ , I replied

    “So, utilize mind if I kissed you at the moment?’ he said as I receive more detailed him and kiss him.

    ‘The very next time don’t ask, do it.’ I reply.

    ‘I like how we think.’ , he said.

    While waiting, I start scrubbing my hindfoot in the leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What can you wish in females? And, Andrew, don’t spare me the details.’ I ask.

    ‘I enjoy determined women. Someone you will never know what we want. Somebody that won’t say yes because I said yes. Someone who’s not afraid when you try a new challenge,’ he says. ‘I’m never afraid of trying something totally new, especially on the subject of making something totally new in the sack ‘, I intimate ‘And I adore girls that are direct, who cut throughout the chase, like you only did. To become
    honest, that’s a huge turn on.’

  17. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s
    both equally educative and entertaining, and without a
    doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is something
    which too few folks are speaking intelligently about.
    I am very happy I stumbled across this in my search for something regarding
    this.

  18. This is theRight here is the rightperfect blogwebsitesiteweb sitewebpage for anyone whofor anybody whofor everyone who wants toreally wants towould like towishes tohopes to find out aboutunderstand this topic. You realizeYou understandYou know so mucha whole lot its almost hard totough to argue with you (not that I actuallyI personallyI really would wantwill need to…HaHa). You definitelyYou certainly put a newa brand newa fresh spin on a topicsubject that has beenthat’s beenwhich has been written aboutdiscussed for yearsfor a long timefor many yearsfor decadesfor ages. GreatExcellentWonderful stuff, just greatexcellentwonderful!

  19. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely wonderful. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise. I can not wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful website.

  20. I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this sort of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i’m happy to convey that I’ve an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make certain to don’t forget this web site and give it a glance regularly.

  21. I was just searching for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

Comentários encerrados.